horwich farrelly

Discount Rate in Northern Ireland may move from 2.5% to minus 1.75%

March, 5, 2020

Northern Ireland’s Justice Minister has announced that she has asked officials to undertake a statutory consultation to consider the discount rate in Northern Ireland (NI).  The consultation, which is required under the Damages Act 1996, will be conducted with the Government Actuary’s Department and the Department of Finance.  They will consider a proposed change from 2.5% to minus 1.75%.

The Discount rate in NI has not been changed since 2001.  Unlike in England & Wales and Scotland, where the methodology for revision of the rate has changed to take into consideration a more realistic approach, the 1996 Act provides for a considerably lower risk approach.

In her letter, the Minister has left the door open to the possibility of changing the approach for this review and has confirmed that she will comment in due course.  With the backlog in Legislation in Stormont, there is likely to be sufficient time for a change in Legislation if the industry can influence a change in approach to reflect the changes already made in the rest of the UK.

At present the Ogden Tables do not include multipliers at a discount rate of -1.75%.  Therefore, we have discussed the matter with ASM Forensic Accountants and set out, for illustrative purposes only, the potential implications of the proposed rate change:

Plaintiff age 18 Male Female
-1.75% -0.25% 2.5% -1.75% -0.25% 2.5%
£ £ £ £ £ £
Annual loss, £20,000
Loss for life 2,885,600 1,523,200 650,400 3,312,200 1,611,200 667,200
Loss to age 65 1,423,200    971,200 545,800 1,443,400    983,000 550,600

Plaintiff age 40 Male Female
-1.75% -0.25% 2.5% -1.75% -0.25% 2.5%
£ £ £ £ £ £
Annual loss, £20,000
Loss for life 1,488,800 975,200 530,400 1,644,800 1,052,800 555,200
Loss to age 65    605,200 487,800 361,800    614,000    504,600 366,000

Plaintiff age 55 Male Female
-1.75% -0.25% 2.5% -1.75% -0.25% 2.5%
£ £ £ £ £ £
Annual loss, £20,000
Loss for life 856,000 639,600 411,200 964,400 706,600 441,400
Loss to age 65 211,600 196,000 171,800 214,000 198,200 173,600


These figures are based on a projected “normal” life expectancy as per the Ogden Tables.

As the discount rate employed will be that at the date of trial, rather than date of accident, the impact of such a change will require substantial reserve re-calculations. The potential increase in the cost of claims may put off insurers writing policies in NI, which in turn could have the unintended consequence of increased premiums for all motorists.

Whilst we all want to ensure that those injured are fairly and appropriately compensated, we fear that the proposed rate may ultimately lead to pricing some consumers out of purchasing motor insurance, shifting the burden to those who have paid their premium.   

Matthew Fitzpatrick, Head of Horwich Farrelly NI, and Malcolm Henke, Head of Horwich Farrelly’s Large and Catastrophic Injury Group will be consulting with clients and are committed to ensuring that the industry viewpoint on the impact of the proposed rate change is heard.

Matthew and Malcolm will be working with the Association of British Insurers, who are providing guidance to the Minister on the practical implications for not just high value personal injury claims but also for insurers who are writing policies in Northern Ireland.  We would therefore welcome your views on the proposal, particularly your thoughts on what we believe the key impacts will be:

  • Significant increases in reserves
  • Increased insurance premiums
  • Increased reinsurance costs
  • Reduction in availability of motor / liability insurance
  • Increase in uninsured accidents

Please note that it is imperative that your views are heard at this critical time and therefore we would ask that you contact Matthew or Malcolm to discuss further.

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